The American Eskimo is built along classic Nordic lines, a form that has proved effective at pulling heavy loads through snow and ice. It is compactly built, slightly longer than tall. The stand-off, double coat resists soaking and provides insulation against the cold.
The small thick ears are also cold-resistant. The breed's smaller size has moved it from the realm of sled dog, but it remains a sled dog in miniature. The American Eskimo Dog stands furry with erect ears and a long tail curling over its back.
Dogs over 19 inches or under 9 inches are disqualified at breed shows in the US and Canada, in order to discourage the breeding of oversize or excessively small dogs. The United Kennel Club in the US does not recognize the Toy variety.
There are three separate size divisions in the American Eskimo Dog breed recognized by the American Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club.
Toy, 9–12 in (23–30 cm) at the withers
Miniature, 12–15 in (30–38 cm)
Standard, 15–19 in (38–48 cm)
Intelligent, alert and friendly, the American Eskimo Dog is also an excellent watchdog, protective of his home and family. The Eskie learns quickly and is eager to please his owner, but requires daily exercise. Their voluminous coat sheds and needs to be brushed and bathed on a regular basis.
Evidence suggests that "White Spitz" dogs were first brought to the United States by German settlers and despite the name, have nothing to do with the Eskimo culture. The name came about in 1913 when Mr. and Mrs. F.M. Hall first registered the breed with the UKC (United Kennel Club).
American Eskimo Dogs are white, or white with biscuit, long haired, double coated dogs with triangular ears held erect and a plume-like tail carried over the back. There are three established sizes: the standard, the miniature and the toy. Standard Eskies can range from 15" to 19" tall at the shoulder. Miniatures range from 12" to 15" while toy Eskies can be from 9" to 12" tall at the shoulder.
The American Eskimo Dog is often called "Spitz". In America, "Spitz" is not a breed of dog, but rather a group of breeds, like retriever or spaniel, with similar characteristics. The preferred nickname for the breed is "Eskie". Other Spitz breeds include the Keeshond, Finnish Spitz, Siberian Husky, Shiba Inu, Samoyed and the Pomeranian.
The Eskie is one of the most intelligent of all dog breeds. They are very curious. They will examine changes in their environment with a very wary, yet inquisitive eye. Their antics while playing will often cause you to grin or even to laugh. They are very social and very aware of their family. They are very loving. They always seem to know when a family member needs to be cheered-up or to simply be loved. Anyone who has ever had an Eskie hug them truly understand their unique ability to love.
If you can't find a local breeder in your area don't worry, many breeders are using the major airlines like American, Delta, Continental and Northwest airlines for shipping their puppies.
At this time the airlines will ship puppies to the following States: Alabama AL - Alaska AK - Arizona AZ - Arkansas AR - California CA - Colorado CO - Connecticut CT - Delaware DE - Florida FL - Georgia GA - Hawaii HI - Idaho ID - Illinois IL - Indiana IN - Iowa IA - Kansas KS - Kentucky KY - Louisiana LA - Maine ME - Maryland MD - Massachusetts MA - Michigan MI - Minnesota MN - Mississippi MS - Missouri MO - Montana MT - Nebraska NE - Nevada NV - New Hampshire NH - New Jersey NJ - New Mexico NM - New York NY - North Carolina NC - North Dakota ND - Ohio OH - Oklahoma OK - Oregon OR - Pennsylvania PA - Rhode Island RI - South Carolina SC - South Dakota SD - Tennessee TN - Texas TX - Utah UT - Vermont VT - Virginia VA - Washington WA - Washington, D.C. - West Virginia WV - Wisconsin WI - Wyoming WY - Hawaii HI.
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